By UCL Careers, on 20 February 2019
What does consultancy work involve?
Like many things in life, the answer is “it depends”! …on the company you work for, the sector you work in and the specific clients you are engaged by.
From my experience, there are some common themes in the working life of an environmental consultant:
- Resilience is key. People in consultancy businesses work under continuous pressure. There is the pressure to deliver excellent work for a customer to time and budget. They also need to win the next piece of work and respond to the demands of working in and across teams. So, consultancy work is tough, but it can be tremendously rewarding.
- Communication skills are critical. Even at the most junior level, you will be in a project team, likely to be talking to clients and will get exposure to senior management, so the ability to articulate what you are doing in an engaging and compelling way is key.
- Contribution to the Team is paramount – that might be a small project team, a business area or the company as a whole. Work is very fluid in consultancies, and people are expected to get involved when there is a need and where they can add something.
- Variety is energising – if you have an enquiring mind and like doing new things regularly, then consultancy can be really exciting. Projects tend to be from a couple of weeks to 6 months so you will be moving swiftly from one project to another. And, you will often need to juggle multiple projects.
- Environment as a topic is inspiring. People love working for an environmental consultancy because they know they are making a difference. A couple of examples:
- We recently completed a knowledge transfer energy project in Bangladesh. As a result, the power sector leaders and experts will be able to maximise access to electricity for the 165 million people in Bangladesh.
- We looked at how to improve the management of surface water run-off treatment options for Southampton Airport (including a lot of chemicals used to de-ice planes). As a result, we have protected aquatic wildlife by preventing chemicals going into the local river.
What sectors does your company provide consultancy for? Can you give some examples of the issues and projects that a sustainability consultancy tackles?
At Ricardo, we work across most of the environmental areas: climate change, energy, waste, scarce resources, water, air quality, sustainable transport, agriculture, biodiversity, environmental impact, chemicals.
Our clients are many and various – national and local governments, major corporations and heavy industry, transportation providers, infrastructure and utility companies, international agencies and funders (eg the World Bank). But also smaller companies and not-for-profits.
The work of environmental consultancies is best illustrated by some examples of our projects:
- Combining smart grids and electric vehicles in Brighton, UK
This project entailed creation of a charge-point roll-out strategy for EV charging infrastructure in Brighton. A critical element was use of smart grid technology to unlock spare capacity for increased numbers of electric vehicles (automated transfer of electricity to areas of high demand). Through this we were able to maximise the power available from existing infrastructure, hence avoiding costly network reinforcement or substation replacement.
- Supporting a State Government in Australia to assess the implications of transitioning to a Circular Economy (CE)
This project looked at the implications of transition to a Circular Economy (designing waste out of the economy) across eight key sectors, identifying global trends and potential local action. This brought together key experts from the fields of waste, water, sustainable transport, energy efficiency, resource use and advanced manufacturing. The project provided global insight into actions and best practice activities from across the key sectors, identifying potential implications, barriers and enablers of a circular economy.
- Integrated environment programme for Liaoning Environmental Protection Board (China)
The aim of this project was to tackle the interrelated issues of pollution abatement, economic modernisation and social redeployment within Liaoning Province. Ricardo led the Air Quality Management component of the project that:
- Established comprehensive emission inventories at city and provincial level
- Delivered training and capacity strengthening
- Developed effective ambient and source (of pollution) measurement programmes, dispersion modelling and GIS based environmental information systems
- Developed economic models for the cost-benefit analysis and design of optimal emission control and mitigation strategies
What range of skills and what academic subjects does your company look for when hiring for consultancy roles?
The kinds of skills we need are quite varied:
|Environmental policy analysis||Economic evaluation|
|Modelling /monitoring (eg air and water)||Technology development (eg software products and tools)|
|Evaluation of technology performance||Data management (eg inventories)|
|Engineering (mechanical / electrical / chemical)||Digital resilience for critical infrastructure|
|Pollution incident management||Digital services (IT development)|
|Life Cycle Assessment||Finance|
|Health Impact Assessment||Marketing|
So, we have some very specialist and deep technical skill requirements, some more broad research and investigation skills, + more generic areas like economics, IT, finance and marketing.
Therefore, the range of academic subjects we recruit from is wide, and role dependent. Most people we take on will be at Masters level, and many will have a scientific or engineering background, but not all.
What are the challenges for the environmental sector in future, and what impact will they have on consultancy work?
That is a huge question! I am going to cheat by providing a link to an excellent slideshow that you can look at, recently produced by the World Resources Institute.
The key issues identified in the slideshow can be summarised as:
- Tumultuous times: will geopolitics limit climate action?
- Bracing for impacts: will climate adaptation rise up the agenda?
- Sustainable apparel: will fast fashion slow down?
- Deforestation: will commodity supply chains rise to the challenge?
- Project of the century: will Belt & Road advance green growth?
- Micro-mobility: a fad or the future?
- US Climate action: turning the tide on Trump?
So, these are major global themes……what might they mean for international environmental consultancy opportunities:
- Global emissions are rising……1.5 degrees temperature rise is not far away…..might be more about adapting to than mitigating climate change in the future?
- Focus on cities/states as clients (and key actors)……when historically it may have been national governments.
- Need for more attention on water management (eg enormous water footprint of fashion industry – 2,700 litres for one shirt).
- China’s “Belt and Road” initiative is huge – opportunities for consultancy (and risks to environment)?
- Biodiversity expertise needed in response to deforestation.
- Changes to urban mobility strategies and plans in response to behaviour change.
- Need for “blended” solutions of public and private finance across all areas.
This agenda appears to provide an enormous range of potential opportunities…….and it does. However, there is a but………as a consultant, you can only do the work that clients want to engage you for, and global risks can take time to feed into consultancy projects.
In environmental consultancy, the topics are fascinating, challenging, enlightening and rewarding, but you need someone who has a budget to engage you to do the work. So “thought leadership” in helping the wider world to appreciate the issues and the opportunities is key to open the conversations with potential clients. The ideal approach is to seed ideas, get their interest and then offer a solution……that is the art of being a great consultant.