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UCL Ear Institute & Action on Hearing Loss Libraries


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Fireworks = Noise & Pollution, and Pollution = Hearing Loss

By H Dominic W Stiles, on 5 November 2019

I know some people love fireworks but they are not good.  Fireworks are damaging to the environment.  They contain metals and salts, that are blasted directly into the atmosphere.  They are also disturbing to animals, both domestic and wild.  Pollution is itself a threat to hearing.

Helmenstine, Anne Marie, Ph.D. “The Chemistry of Firework Colors.” ThoughtCo, Nov. 4, 2019, thoughtco.com/chemistry-of-firework-colors-607341



Pollution and Hearing Loss

Choi HG, Min C, Kim SY.

Air pollution increases the risk of SSNHL: A nested case-control study using meteorological data and national sample cohort data.

Sci Rep. 2019 Jun 4;9(1):8270. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-44618-0.

Free PMC Article


Fuks KB, Wigmann C, Altug H, Schikowski T.

Road Traffic Noise at the Residence, Annoyance, and Cognitive Function in Elderly Women.

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 May 20;16(10). pii: E1790. doi: 10.3390/ijerph16101790.

Free PMC Article


Mona GG, Chimbari MJ, Hongoro C.

A systematic review on occupational hazards, injuries and diseases among police officers worldwide: Policy implications for the South African Police Service.

J Occup Med Toxicol. 2019 Jan 21;14:2. doi: 10.1186/s12995-018-0221-x. eCollection 2019. Review.

Free PMC Article


Bayat A, Saki N, Nikakhlagh S, Mirmomeni G, Raji H, Soleimani H, Rahim F.

Is COPD associated with alterations in hearing? A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis. 2018 Dec 28;14:149-162. doi: 10.2147/COPD.S182730. eCollection 2019.

Free PMC Article


Miguel V, Cui JY, Daimiel L, Espinosa-Díez C, Fernández-Hernando C, Kavanagh TJ, Lamas S.

The Role of MicroRNAs in Environmental Risk Factors, Noise-Induced Hearing Loss, and Mental Stress.

Antioxid Redox Signal. 2018 Mar 20;28(9):773-796. doi: 10.1089/ars.2017.7175. Epub 2017 Jun 30. Review.

Free PMC Article


Noise and Fireworks

Engel O, Müller HW, Klee R, Francke B, Mills DS.,

Effectiveness of imepitoin for the control of anxiety and fear associated with noise phobia in dogs.

J Vet Intern Med. 2019 Sep 30. doi: 10.1111/jvim.15608. [Epub ahead of print]

Free Article


Riemer S.,

Not a one-way road-Severity, progression and prevention of firework fears in dogs.

PLoS One. 2019 Sep 6;14(9):e0218150. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0218150. eCollection 2019.

Free PMC Article


Bhatt JM, Lin HW, Bhattacharyya N.,

Epidemiology and gender differences in pediatric recreational and firearms noise exposure in the USA.

Laryngoscope. 2019 May 9. doi: 10.1002/lary.27958. [Epub ahead of print]


Garaga R, Kota SH.,

Characterization of PM10 and Impact on Human Health During the Annual Festival of Lights (Diwali).

J Health Pollut. 2018 Dec 1;8(20):181206. doi: 10.5696/2156-9614-8.20.181206. eCollection 2018 Dec.

Free PMC Article


Dowd MD., Fireworks-Related Injury in Children.

Pediatr Ann. 2018 Jun 1;47(6):e227-e229. doi: 10.3928/19382359-20180522-02.


Maccariello CEM, Franzini de Souza CC, Morena L, Dias DPM, Medeiros MA.,

Effects of acupuncture on the heart rate variability, cortisol levels and behavioural response induced by thunder sound in beagles.

Physiol Behav. 2018 Mar 15;186:37-44. doi: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2018.01.006. Epub 2018 Jan 9.


Korpivaara M, Laapas K, Huhtinen M, Schöning B, Overall K.,

Dexmedetomidine oromucosal gel for noise-associated acute anxiety and fear in dogs-a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical study.

Vet Rec. 2017 Apr 8;180(14):356. doi: 10.1136/vr.104045. Epub 2017 Feb 17.


Tanaka T, Inaba R, Aoyama A.,

Noise and low-frequency sound levels due to aerial fireworks and prediction of the occupational exposure of pyrotechnicians to noise.

J Occup Health. 2016 Nov 29;58(6):593-601. Epub 2016 Sep 30.


Pollution and Fireworks

Tanda S, Ličbinský R, Hegrová J, Goessler W.,

Impact of New Year’s Eve fireworks on the size resolved element distributions in airborne particles.

Environ Int. 2019 Jul;128:371-378. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2019.04.071. Epub 2019 May 8.

Free Article


Greven FE, Vonk JM, Fischer P, Duijm F, Vink NM, Brunekreef B.,

Air pollution during New Year’s fireworks and daily mortality in the Netherlands.

Sci Rep. 2019 Apr 5;9(1):5735. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-42080-6.

Free PMC Article


Yao L, Wang D, Fu Q, Qiao L, Wang H, Li L, Sun W, Li Q, Wang L, Yang X, Zhao Z, Kan H, Xian A, Wang G, Xiao H, Chen J.

The effects of firework regulation on air quality and public health during the Chinese Spring Festival from 2013 to 2017 in a Chinese megacity.

Environ Int. 2019 May;126:96-106. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2019.01.037. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Free Article


Garaga R, Kota SH.,

Characterization of PM10 and Impact on Human Health During the Annual Festival of Lights (Diwali).

J Health Pollut. 2018 Dec 1;8(20):181206. doi: 10.5696/2156-9614-8.20.181206. eCollection 2018 Dec.

Free PMC Article


Lai Y, Brimblecombe P.,

Regulatory effects on particulate pollution in the early hours of Chinese New Year, 2015.

Environ Monit Assess. 2017 Aug 23;189(9):467. doi: 10.1007/s10661-017-6167-0.

Free PMC Article


Song Y, Wan X, Bai S, Guo D, Ren C, Zeng Y, Li Y, Li X.,

The Characteristics of Air Pollutants during Two Distinct Episodes of Fireworks Burning in a Valley City of North China.

PLoS One. 2017 Jan 3;12(1):e0168297. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0168297. eCollection 2017.

Free PMC Article


Baranyai E, Simon E, Braun M, Tóthmérész B, Posta J, Fábián I.

The effect of a fireworks event on the amount and elemental concentration of deposited dust collected in the city of Debrecen, Hungary.

Air Qual Atmos Health. 2015;8(4):359-365. Epub 2014 Aug 27.

Free PMC Article