By H Dominic W Stiles, on 18 January 2019
We have a pretty good collection of international journals, now of historical interest, from the 19th and 20th centuries. One of them is the Dutch periodical, ANDOR – Algemeen Nederlands Doofstommen ORgan. We have bound copies of the first two years, 1933-4, then copies from 1948 on into the 1970s, with some gaps.
It appears that the earliest formal education for deaf people in the Netherlands, was in 1790, when the Wallonian Calvinist preacher, Henri Daniel Guyot (1753-1828) started a school at Groeningen with Willem Hora Siccama, Gerrit van Olst and Hendrik van Calcar. Guyot had it seems met de l’Épée in Paris, and this inspired him to work with two deaf children, one Christian and one Jewish. He ran the school until his death, and after him his two sons became heads of the school, Dr. C. Guyot to 1854, and then R.T. Guyot with a Dr. Alings. they were followed by Dr. Roodha, Dr. Woltjer, and then Brunkner. Selwyn Oxley visited the school in 1923. We have a photo of an engraving of Guyot.
In January 1884 the Guyot deaf organisation was begun, founded by M.J. van Ijzer. Unfortunately we have missed the 135th year celebration!
Dovenschap (formerly Dovenraad), founded in 1955, is ‘the Dutch association for, among others, prelingual deaf people who have Dutch Sign Language as their mother tongue.’ According to their Wikipedia page, there are about 15,000 prelingually Deaf in the Netherlands.
In the first copy of ANDOR, here with an article by Jaap van Praag, we see some of the organisers of the Dutch Deaf in the 1930s. Was he related to the van Praag who introduced oralism to England? Probably not – it is not an uncommon name, usually I suppose suggesting someone of Jewish origin. Here is the ANDOR board in 1934.
Here is a cover of an early issue, followed by the Guyot founding members, from a photograph that appears in the November 1934 copy of ANDOR, when the Guyot club was celebrating its Jubilee. I have not had time to give more than a glimpse into the history of the Netherlands Deaf. Please feel free to comment below if you can add any interesting information.