Chris is a public policy analyst who specialises in environmental liability and related issues. He has acted as an adviser to government departments, agencies, industry groups and NGOs in several countries on the EC Environmental Liability Directive throughout its passage and adoption, and is now monitoring its implementation within the Member States. He has also been following liability developments at national level throughout the world since the mid-1980s, originally focussing on North American enforcement and insurance issues. He was the author of the Update Legal Study for DG Environment in 2001, a specialist within the Legal Unit of DGXI in 1996-7, and Editor of the Financial Times newsletter Environmental Liability Report from 1993-96. He is an Honorary Lecturer at University College London Faculty of Laws and is active within the working groups of the UK and European Environmental Law Associations.