By Joanna Hong
This year North Korea has seen escalating international pressure concerning its human rights record.
On February 7, the 400-page United Nations Commission of Inquiry report on the human rights situation in North Korea disclosed harrowing details of crimes against humanity such as rape, torture, infanticide, forced labor, starvation, execution, and other atrocities, mostly committed in the political prison camp systems. Comparisons to Nazi Germany were made and the report cautioned that Kim Jong Un could be held accountable.
On November 18, the General Assembly released a resolution that called on the Security Council to refer North Korea to the International Criminal Court for its crimes against humanity. With a vote of 111 to 19 with 55 abstentions, the resolution passed despite the vetoes from longtime allies China and Russia.