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Creating a free university course during a pandemic

Daniel Miller6 October 2020

While the figures may seem small compared to the one million downloads of our open-access ‘Why We Post’ books, the MOOC created for FutureLearn as part of the Why We Post project was taken by over 40,000 students. A Russian translation of the course was taken by another 9,000 students. Compared to 100 students in a typical lecture class, this certainly seems worthwhile. A MOOC can also reach people in countries and situations that are far more open than traditional university teaching, and it is free. So, we never doubted that we wanted to make another MOOC for the ASSA project. We expect to launch this next April on FutureLearn alongside the first three books. While Laura Haapio-Kirk bore the brunt of the work last time, this time it is Georgiana Murariu, currently working as a public dissemination officer on the project. The FutureLearn platform acts a bit like social media in that the students interact with each other and post loads about their own experiences. This should work well for a topic such as the smartphone, in which most people have personal experiences and observations. By the way, the Why We Post MOOC is still running at: https://www.futurelearn.com/courses/anthropology-social-media.

We are making some changes. MOOCs typically have quite a tail off so we are making a three-week course, rather than five weeks. Currently, the main emphasis is on filmmaking since Ben Collier, our filmmaker, is only employed for a short period. The films are a little shorter than before, but the text is likely to be similar is scope. The first week is mainly devoted to the smartphone itself and our original insights and perspectives on what a smartphone is and will also summarise our comparative book ‘The Global Smartphone’, due to come out next year. The second week considers the smartphone in the context of ageing, which is the main concern of our new monograph series, also due to come out next year. The third week focuses more on an element of ASSA that did not exist for Why We Post – our efforts to make our work of direct benefit to people’s welfare through our radical alternative to conventional mHealth and the general use of smartphones in the field of health.

For the present effort in filmmaking, we are obviously constrained by the circumstances of Covid-19. We don’t have the group and round-table discussions found in the earlier MOOC. Instead, the concentration is more on using material that comes directly from our ethnographic engagements around the world.  Most of our films are pretty serious, but in this instance, it seemed okay to have a bit of fun with the whole issue of filmmaking during a pandemic. I play the role of Mr Grumpy, to Xinyuan Wang’s annoyance.

See the film here:

 

All mistakes allowed: my experience teaching older people how to use WhatsApp

Marilia Duque E S25 June 2018

Author: Marilia Duque, São Paulo.

Since March this year, I’ve been working as a volunteer in one of the WhatsApp courses provided by a Catholic Parish in my field site in São Paulo. Once a week, I meet around 10 students from 67 to 84 years old who are deeply committed to improving their WhatsApp knowledge and usage. Most of them report that their children don’t have the patience or the time to help them with their smartphones. They understand that their children work hard and have many other commitments in their adult lives. They don’t want to be a burden to their families. So they opt for a regular course[1]. As one of my students Mrs. O. (71) puts it “considering all of that, do you think I would bother them?”

We started our classes as a very heterogeneous group with people who had never used WhatsApp before and people who already pay bills, buy stuff and book flights using their smartphones. After conducting interviews with some of them, I would say the group could be classified in two key categories: the ones who are afraid of  “being overcharged”, “erasing some important information” or “pushing the wrong button” and ruining the device itself and the ones who are disposed to take more risks, using trial and error as method, without any concern about spoiling the device. According to the survey Tech Adoption Climbs Among Older Adults  (Pew Research Center, 2016), lack of confidence is one of the main barriers that can “hinder some old Americans from going online and using new technologies”. One third of seniors feel little or not at all confident when using electronic devices (including smartphones) and because of that feeling three-quarters of them say they need help to set up and start using a new device.

One of my students, Mr. M. (72), said this fear of making mistakes is the key difference between old and young people. If youngsters say something wrong, they laugh at themselves, because they are allowed to make mistakes. However people are not so tolerant with older adults. Because of that, he said, many of his friends feel so embarrassed when they fail that they became too scared to even try. But what could be achieved if all this fear is gone? According to the same Pew Research Center study, once the seniors go online, they engage “at high levels with digital devices and content”. Among older adults who own a smartphone, for example, 76% uses the Internet several times a day or more.

In my WhatsApp course, as the group became more comfortable in making mistakes, I might say they learn more and faster. They now know almost everything about WhatsApp main features: how to create a group, how to share a picture, a video, a contact or a location, how to manage WhatsApp downloads to save data, how to use WhatsApp web. They also learned some tricks a regular WhatsApp user might ignore. For example, each student now has his/her own contact in his/her WhatsApp, so they can send notes (voice and text) to themselves to remind them what to report to a doctor, what to buy at the supermarket and so on. It is great but not enough. They want to go further, so now we just decided to move forward with other apps.

After all, my challenge now is to cater to so many different interests and needs related to smartphones. As my colleague, Alfonso Otaegui, who is also volunteering in smartphone courses in Chile, said in his previous post here, old people have different expectations of smartphone usage. As a teacher, this might help me make more effort to show empathy in class. As an ethnographer, this represents a great opportunity to understand how their particular needs and curiosity about pictures, books, music, travel, languages, cooking and shopping apps reflect the very particular way each of them experience age and how smartphones can help them to get what they want.

[1] If we consider the POnline2017 Survey from Acessa SP, an initiative for digital inclusion in São Paulo that provides free access to internet and many free courses to help users to improve their digital skills, over 70% of respondents learned to use the internet by themselves or attending to courses and just 4% could count on their relatives’ help.