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  • Specimen of the Week: Week 147

    By Jack Ashby, on 4 August 2014

    Scary monkeyMuseums are full of mysteries (particularly when you are as cursed with historically challenging documentation, as many university museums are). For example, why do we have a plum in a jar? Why does our dugong only have seven neck vertebrae (it is one of the few mammal species that should have eight)? Why don’t we have a wolf, one of the world’s most widespread mammals? Who ate our Galapagos tortoise? Why do we only have the heart and rectum of a dwarf cassowary? Why is scary monkey (pictured) so scary?

    Not to mention, why did we put all those moles in that jar?

    After ten years of working here, I am confident that there is no greater mystery in the Grant Museum than this one: why would you stick a battery in a dead animal?

    This week’s Specimen of the Week is…

    **The Battery-Powered Opossum**

    Preserved opossum, with battery removed.  Didelphidae, LDUCZ-Z2563

    Preserved opossum, with battery removed.
    Didelphidae, LDUCZ-Z2563

    1) To quote directly from the conservation report:

    Could not distinguish fluid type; odour suggests the fluid is not formalin, the fluid was also not registered as alcohol by the fluid density meter.

    Specimen appears to have a rusty yellow coloured tint and seems to be dyed in some way.  Yellow sediment is present in the fur of the specimen and has also settled at the bottom of the container.

    Yellow coloured growth from stomach area transpired to be wads of cotton wool (orange tinted) which had been stuffed inside the specimen.  On removal, a D-type Duracell battery was removed from the body cavity (organs seem to be removed).

    The specimen was washed thoroughly in distilled water to remove all traces of rusty coloured crud. The fur was brushed

    Specimen was transferred back to original glass container, the ground glass lid  replaced by a round glass plate. The unknow fluid was replaced with 80% IMS. New labels inserted, lid sealed with Dow Corning sealent. Painted around top with black acrylic paint

     

    The battery after the batterectomy

    The battery after the batterectomy

    2) So please help us solve this mystery – why was there a D-cell battery inside this preserved opossum? I have two theories: a) it was an experiment into the evolution of the Duracell bunny. b) something terrible and Frankensteiny, only using a much lower voltage (1.5v vs. whatever is in lightning). Suggestions in the comments box please.

    3) You may ask why we don’t have any records of this electrical insertion, as obviously it can’t have happened that long ago given that the presence Duracell D-cell batteries gives a maximum age to the specimen’s preparation (if not its original field collection). The reason we are so clueless is that this wasn’t always a Grant Museum opossum, or even a UCL opossum.

    The one thing we do know about it is the small label “5ap”. This specimen number identifies it as one of a huge number of specimens which came to the Grant Museum in the 1980s from Imperial College London when there zoological collection was closed and absorbed by us. Unfortunately the records or catalogues which could have told us more about “5ap” and the rest of the Imperial fluid collection were never located in South Kensington at the time of the transfer, or since.

    4) To tell you something more zoological about the specimen, opossums are American marsupials. The more famous marsupials (outside of the Americas, at least) live in Australia and New Guinea, but they only account for about two thirds of marsupial species. The rest live in Central and South America, with one species – the Virginia opossum – having wandered into North America. Marsupials are mammals which give birth after a short gestation to highly under-developed young, which then undertake a long period of development by suckling on a teat (often in a pouch, but not always). By contrast the more common (and if you ask me, less interesting) way of being a mammal involves a long period of development in the womb, followed by a relatively short period on the teat, like in humans.

    5) There are 92 species and 19 genera in the opossum family, Didelphidae (making up by far the bulk of American marsupials which numbers 99 in total). You could only fit a watch battery inside the smallest species – the mouse opossums, while those capable of accommodating a D-cell battery are at the top end of the opossum size scale.*

    Jack Ashby is the Manager of the Grant Museum of Zoology.

    *The Grant Museum does not endorse the insertion of batteries, or any other objects, into opossums.

     

     

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    9 Responses to “Specimen of the Week: Week 147”

    • 1
      funakoshi wrote on 5 August 2014:

      They were preserving him with sodium chloride. So it’s a cut and dry case of a salt and battery.

    • 2
      Yanuly Sanson wrote on 5 August 2014:

      Maybe they wanted the opossum not to float to the top of the jar

    • 3
      Francis Lalonde wrote on 5 August 2014:

      5ap could refer to the latest release from Apple Computers of the new iPossum?

    • 4
      Alex Waugh wrote on 5 August 2014:

      the answer may be simpler than you’d think. After removing the guts and stuffing the opossum, perhaps it didnt float right in the jar, or floated to the top or off kilter, so the person preserving the specimen had to quickly come up with something heavy that they could fit in the opossum, that wouldnt float, and wouldnt be heavy enough to tear through or distort the body. the only thing available at the time? an old d-cell battery. it makes sense given that if the specimen was prepared fresh on sight, maybe a d cell battery from a flashlight was the only thing in the building they could use.

      I work with a living, non battery powered opossum at a nature center, and she is getting old, around 4 years old. opossums, like most marsupials, dont live as long as other animals their size. the genes for slowing down biological senescence arent there because opossums generally die long before they reach old age. sad quirk of evolution, but on some islands on the east coast that have not had the natural predators, and they have evolved to reach a maximum lifespan of 6 years old. anyway, when our dear Jasmine ends up “not just playing possum” we will have her preserved or stuffed, so she can still be used for education after her death. hopefully they will have something better on hand than a battery.

    • 5
      Bp wrote on 5 August 2014:

      Weight to keep it from floating.

    • 6
      Alex wrote on 5 August 2014:

      Two words man made pikachus… That’s three words.

    • 7
      Vince wrote on 5 August 2014:

      First theory is, simply, it was an accident? Something got knocked in there during the preservation process, and they closed it up without not noticing? I mean, it happens. Doctors even sometimes screw up with humans during surgery – if your job is to preserve dead animals in jars, it’s late, you’re dealing with a Possum/Opossum, you might get sloppy. Just sayin’

      Now, granted, I know NOTHING about preserving dead animals beyond what Youtube told me here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YakB5gjptLc

      I expected to learn about why maybe someone would remove the organs before preservation there. I didn’t really… neat vid though.

      My second theory is this; it was taken from some other place, where indeed they did something Frankensteiny. Maybe a bit more benign though – muscle reflex experiments, and that’s all. When the specimen ceased being useful (decomposed too much) or when the experiment failed, they gave it to the preservation guys, and they just didn’t care.

      Oh, and came here from io9 :)

    • 8
      Jack Ashby wrote on 5 August 2014:

      Well done internet – some excellent theories. Readers of io9.com have really set the bar high with explaining how the battery got there. Well worth a read: http://io9.com/help-a-zoology-museum-solve-the-mystery-of-the-battery-1615808433/all

    • 9
      Specimen of the Week: Week 148 | UCL UCL Museums & Collections Blog wrote on 11 August 2014:

      [...] a dirty great big caterpillar stuck to it, and no, this isn’t a case of the mysterious battery-stuffing opossum maniac up to their usual museum antics again with the Pritt-Stick; the two are fused in a macabre display [...]

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