Archive for the 'Carbon capture & storage' Category

European Meeting on Carbon Capture Law

By Centre for Law and Environment , on 11 September 2014

Richard Macrory, director of the UCL Carbon Capture Legal Programme, was the only legal academic participating in a stakeholders’ meeting held  in Brussels on 8 September 2014 as part of the European Commission’s review of the 2009 EU Directive on Carbon Capture and Storage.

Participants included representatives from industry, environmental NGOs,and organizations such as the International Energy Agency and the British Geological Society. There was a general consensus that this was not right time to start amending the actual Directive, but that existing Commission Guidance, especially on financial instruments could be revisted  to provide more flexibility.  The key issues concerned the effectiveness of underlying policy rather than the legislation.

In the same week, it was announced by the President-Elect of the European Commission that in future one Commissioner would be in charge of both Energy Policy and Climate Change Policy, thus effectively getting rid of the separate Directorate on Climate Change and Action set up in 2010.  Many will now be watching to see whether this potentially significant change has a real  impact on the EU’s approach to Carbon Capture and Policy.

Offshore carbon dioxide storage in the UK

By Centre for Law and Environment , on 13 April 2014

Ben Milligan’s paper, entitled ‘Planning for offshore CO2 storage: Law and policy in the United Kingdom’ is now available online in Volume 48 of Marine Policy.

‘Offshore CO2 storage’ refers to the injection of liquefied CO2 into deep geological formations beneath the seabed (e.g. depleted oil and gas reservoirs, and saline aquifers) for the purpose of storing it there on a permanent basis. The storage in this manner of captured CO2 emissions from industrial installations and power plants has attracted considerable scientific and technical interest as a potential mitigation response to climate change. A key issue facing policymakers in several countries is how to reconcile policy commitments to develop offshore CO2 storage with other competing – and potentially conflicting – uses of the marine environment. With a view to informing policy responses to this issue, Ben’s paper presents a case study of legal and policy frameworks concerning offshore CO2 storage in United Kingdom. The paper maps key design features of the United Kingdom׳s framework for marine permitting and planning, appraising the extent to which they enable orderly development of offshore CO2 storage in a manner consistent with relevant high-level policy objectives.

KCL and UCL CCS Conference Report

By Centre for Law and Environment , on 25 March 2014

CCS Conferene Cover ImageOn the 6th of March 2014, King’s College, in collaboration with UCL, organised a conference on Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) (see our previous post for more details and a short summary of the event). The Conference Report, including the day’s programme and a list of delegates, is now available and can be downloaded from the following link: CCS Conference Report (KCL & UCL). For copies of speakers’ presentations and more information on events at King’s College in general, please click here.

A successful conference on CCS – 6 March 2014, London

By Centre for Law and Environment , on 11 March 2014

KCLresizedOn the 6th of March 2014, King’s College, in collaboration with UCL, organised a conference on Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS), held in Senate House (London).

With contributions from government, industry and academia, discussions were lively, informed,  and encouraged  a sense of urgency to get CCS on track. Speakers included the Government Chief Scientist, Sir Mark Walport, Dan Byles MP, Prof. Stuart Haszeldine of University of Edinburgh, Ward Goldthorpe (Crown Estate) , David Kennedy (Climate Change Committee) Ashley Ibbett (Department of Energy and Climate Change), Ian Havercroft (Global Carbon Capture Storage Institute) and many others. (more…)

Polish Report on Carbon Capture and Storage

By Centre for Law and Environment , on 5 March 2014

Poland CCS Report image

The UCL Carbon Capture Storage Programme today published a report on the implementation of the EU CCS Directive in Poland. Jerzy Jendroska, one of Poland’s leading contemporary environmental lawyers, was commissioned by the Programme to write the report.

Transposition of the Directive was a lengthy process, with the final national legislation agreed in September 2013, over two years after the Directive’s deadline for transposition. The delay was largely due to the challenges of creating a workable and clear legal framework within existing complex mining and energy legislation.

To read the full report, please click on on the following link: J. Jendroska – Implementation of the CCS Directive in Poland


“Nuclear energy sounded wonderful 40 years ago”

By Centre for Law and Environment , on 4 March 2014

Four UCL academics have recently published on ‘UK citizen views on Carbon Capture and Storage’ in Energy Policy.

Simon Lock, Melanie Smallman, Maria Lee (of the CLE) and Yvonne Rydin, ‘”Nuclear energy sounded wonderful 40 years ago”: UK citizen views on CCS’ (2014) 66 Energy Policy 428,


Around the world there is increasing interest from government and industry in the potential for Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technologies to play a part in decarbonisation. This paper examines how people with little previous exposure to CCS technology, frame and discuss it, and how in the absence of information, ideas, notions, values and experiences shape opinion. We present data from a series of focus groups held with environmental activists, planning councillors, and adult and youth community group members in London in 2012. We found that views on CCS are shaped strongly by wider factors, particularly trade offs between different energy futures. Lay-critiques were similar to those put forward by environmental groups and were strongly framed by conceptions of nuclear power. We argue that although there is little public disquiet concerning this technology in private opinions were generally negative. This, and the use of nuclear power as a framing device, may present a challenge to policy-makers and industry committed to implementing CCS while promoting education as the main mechanism for public acceptance.

New Report on Enhanced Oil Recovery Published

By Centre for Law and Environment , on 17 September 2013


The Centre’s Carbon Capture and Legal Programme has published a new report analysing in depth for the first time environmental and energy legislation relating to enhanced oil recovery operations (EOR) in the United Kingdom using carbon dioxide. In the current depressed emissions trading market combined with a continuing squeeze on public finances,  operations that combine enhanced oil recovery with carbon capture and storage (CCS) may proved vital for securing commercial investment in CCS.

The Report examines international conventions, the 2009 EU Directive, and the regulations implementing the Directive within the United Kingdom. It is clear that recent CCS legislation, especially the EU Directive, has not been drafted with the full implications of EOR taken on board, and the Report idenfities a number of signficiant legal issues where EOR operations are combined with long-term CO2 storage.

‘Legal Status of CO2 – Enhanced Oil Recovery’ written by Professor Richard Macrory with Chiara Armeni, Chris Clarke, Sarah Doherty, Eva Van Der Marel, Ben Milligan, and Ray Purdy was commissioned by the University of Edinburgh’s Scottish Carbon Capture and Storage (SCCS) and is available on their web-site.

UCL attends 5th IEA International CCS Regulatory Network Meeting in Paris

By Centre for Law and Environment , on 28 June 2013

The 5th IEA International CCS Regulatory Network Meeting was held in Paris on 18 and 19 June 2013. This event brought together a wide range of stakeholders from around the world to discuss solutions to key challenges facing governments in developing both incentives and regulatory frameworks for CCS technologies. Research Associate Chiara Armeni presented some of the Centre’s work on the legal status of CO2-Enhanced Oil Recovery (CO2-EOR). Professor Richard Macrory led the closing session, summing up the key lessons learnt and challenges raised earlier during the meeting.


Report on attendance at Fifth Carbon Capture and Storage Summit

By Centre for Law and Environment , on 17 May 2013

Held at Rotterdam between 14 to 15 May 2013

By Prof. Jan Glazewskiimages
Institute of Marine & Environmental Law
University of Cape Town (visitor to Centre for Law and the Environment)

A year ago (May 2012) the South African cabinet identified Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) as one of the options for South Africa to reduce its carbon dioxide emissions.  Shortly thereafter I was invited by the Carbon Capture Unit within the Centre for Law and Environment at UCL to lead a project on legal and regulatory aspects of CCS in South Africa (see Jan Glazewski, Andrew Gilder and Ernesta Swanepoel ‘Carbon Capture and Storage: Towards a regulatory and legal regime for South Africa’ 2012). As such I thought it worthwhile while a visitor at the UCL Centre in May 2013 to attend the above symposium which also included a field trip to a near ready carbon capture ready power generation plant in the vicinity.


UCL at Platts Carbon Capture and Storage Conference 2013

By Centre for Law and Environment , on 3 February 2013

Richard Macrory, Director of the UCL Carbon Capture Legal Programme, was invited to speak at the 7th Annual Platts European Carbon Capture and Storage Conference held in London 31 January and 1st February. The Annual Platts Conference is one of the major CCS events of the year.  Professor Macrory took part in the Panel Discussion ‘Transposing the CCS Directive – what we have learnt and why member state support has waned?’  which was moderated by Henry Edwardes-Evans, managing Editor of Power in Europe.  Macrory reported that most Member States had still not formally transposed the 2009 EU Directive despite a deadline of 25 June 2011.  The European Commission has started formal infringement proceedings against those Member States who have yet to communicate texts of national law.