The Indian Seal of Sir Francis Sykes – A Tale of Two Families
Please note that this case study was first published on blogs.ucl.ac.uk/eicah in February 2013. The case study was last checked by the project team on 19 August 2014. For citation advice, visit ‘Using the website’.
In this case study, project associate Sir John Sykes situates the Indian seal of his ancestor, Sir Francis Sykes, first baronet (1730-1804) within the context of both East India Company and family history in England and on the subcontinent. The story of the Sykes seal is both transnational and inter-generational.
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On 9 July 2013, Alec Roberts left the following comment:
My mother Patricia Roberts has asked me to investigate whether there could be a link between her family and that of The Sykes family. Her maiden name is Sykes and she is the only daughter of Hugh Sykes from Manchester. His father was called Albert Cecil Sykes and he married Leah Sanderson around 1888/9.
My mother was told when she was very young that she was relate to a man who survived the The Black Hole of Calcutta. Although there is little about the survivors I think a man called Sykes was one of the survivors.
Any further information would be much appreciated
On 11 July 2013, Sir John Sykes left the following reply:
Dear Mr Roberts,
The short answer to your main suggestion is that so far as I know there was no one named Sykes who was incarcerated in the Black Hole of Calcutta. The mistake has been made before, probably because Francis Sykes was briefly imprisoned when Suraj-ud-Daulah captured the English Factory at Cossimbazar from where he escaped.
As for a relationship with your mother’s family, I have checked the extensive family tree in my possession and have found only one possibility, namely that she may be descended from Arthur Sykes born at Manchester on 16 May 1869 and mentioned as being in business in Manchester in the 1890s. His siblings included Albert Elmy Sykes (born 1863, died 1864),Frederick Moritz Sykes (born 1865), Hugh Ainsworth Sykes (born 1867 at Manchester, farmer who emigrated to Montreal in 1900), Cecil Robert Sykes (born 1871,died 1875)and two sisters. It seems very possible that two of the siblings’ names were “re-used” for your mother’s grandfather. Unfortunately the tree does not list the descendants of this branch of the family. However I can say that they go back ten generations to Robert Sykes of Flockton, West Yorks – his brother was William Sykes (died 1578)from whom six generations later Francis Sykes was descended so the cousinship is very distant indeed!
I am afraid the tree is extremely large and unwieldy so I am not able to let you have a copy but I hope this is of interest. John Sykes
On 29 July 2013, Patrick Sykes left the following comment:
Hello, The records show that a relative of mine – Samuel Sykes – was born in Ackworth, Yorkshire, in 1715. I believe that Francis Sykes had Ackworth Park and Hall at about that time – so I wonder if there was a known link between the two.
On 29 July 2013, Sir John Sykes left the following reply:
Dear Mr Sykes
Sadly I can find no reference on the various family trees I have to your Samuel Sykes. The name Samuel first appears some two generations later. In fact no Sykes’s of Ackworth of that period at all. They must have branched off from the Sandal Magna/Thornhill Sykes’s at an earlier stage. However Thornhill and Ackworth are quite close and I am sure the two families would have been related.
Francis Sykes did not buy Ackworth Park until 1763.
On 3 August 2013, Patrick Sykes left the following reply:
Thank you for the reply relating to Sykes of Ackworth.
The text, research and images for this case study were primarily authored and supplied by Sir John Sykes.